Publications

Automated Decisions: Europe must speak with one voice

Automated decisions have become a part of many Europeans’ daily lives. Whether for job searches in Finland, healthcare functions in Italy, or the identification of neglected children in Denmark, such systems are coming into use in many EU countries – often for core public-administration functions. Will the EU be able to develop a common response […]

What Europe Knows and Thinks about Algorithms

“Algorithm” has become one of our era’s prominent buzzwords, with hardly any political or economic debate lacking some reference. Media coverage of algorithms is also growing dramatically – today, the topic can even be found on newspapers’ front pages. However – or perhaps because of this – it is worth taking a look beneath the […]

Monitoring algorithmic systems will need more than the EU’s GDPR

Algorithmic systems evaluate people – which poses risks – for us as individuals, for groups and for society as a whole. It is therefore important that algorithmic processes be auditable. Can the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) help foster this kind of oversight and protect us from the risks inherent to algorithmic decision-making? Answers […]

What strategies are needed to ensure machines serve humankind?

Impact assessments, seals of quality for the origin and quality of data, creating class-action rights for federal anti-discrimination agencies, establishing an agency with algorithmic oversight – there are several ways to go about making sure that algorithmic systems are used for the well-being of everyone in society. The working paper “Machines in the Service of […]

Quality Criteria for Algorithms – Lessons from Existing Compendia

What operations should algorithms be allowed to perform? What standards of quality should they be held to? For what purposes may they be used? Although they are deeply relevant for society, we have yet to reach a social consensus on these issues. A number of international organizations seek to answer these questions by formulating quality […]

Nine corrective responses to Algorithmic Decision-Making

Processes of algorithmic decision-making (ADM) now evaluate people in many areas of life. To take advantage of the opportunities ADM offers in the area of participation, one overall goal must be set when ADM processes are planned, designed and implemented: ensuring that participation actually increases. If this is not the case, the use of these […]

The digital public – How algorithmic processes influence social discourse

Essentially this paper answers three key questions relating to public communication and opinion in the digital age: 1. Media transformation: How is public discourse changing because of the new digital platforms through which many people now receive socially relevant information? When all age groups are considered, intermediaries driven by algorithmic processes, such as Google and […]

Calculating participation – How algorithmic processes impact opportunities to be part of society

Algorithms are increasingly making decisions with us, for us and about us – thereby giving rise to new questions about participation. This expert opinion makes a number of initial suggestions for structuring and classifying the participation-related issues stemming from algorithmic decision-making (ADM). In today’s digitized knowledge so-ciety, shaping technology is becoming a fundamental form of […]